Artificial sand is manufactured sand and is produced by the processing of stones using various machines. Wakchaure et al. (2012) assessed the effect of replacing fine aggregate by artificial sand on the mechanical characteristics of concrete. Complete replacement of natural river sand with artificial sand led to the increment of 3.98% and 2.81%
REVIEW OF LITERATURE It was found that the compressive, flexural, split artificial sand as fine aggregate was proved and reported consistent higher results . In the present experimental study the feasibility of artificial sand with crimpled steel fibres is studied. This
XS.1 Literature Review The literature related to manufactured sand use in concrete can be grouped into three broad egories: 1. the effects of stone dust or fines in portland cement concrete, 2. the determination of the angularity and particle shape of sands, and 3. the effects of angular sands in portland cement concrete and mortar.
This paper present literature review on replacement of natural sand by byproducts and recyclable waste materials which includes current and future trends of research on the use of manufactured fine aggregate (MFA) in Portland cement concrete. With natural sand deposits the world over drying up, there is an acute need for a product that matches
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF EFFECT OF ARTIFICIAL SAND AND AGGREGATES ON COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH AND WORKABILITY OF sand and aggregate. The most commonly used fine aggregate is natural river sand and coarse aggregate is stone quarry. Scarcity of good quality Natural River sand due to First of all in this thesis work literature review based on
Literature Review Of Artificial Sand As Fine Aggregates. REVIEW OF LITERATURE artificial sand as fine aggregate was proved and reported consistent Get Price Effects of Aggregate Size Shape and Surface Texture on the THIS SURVEY of the literature on bituminous paving mixtures was done in 1965 and 1967 for Fine aggregates were a natural rounded
substitution of coarse aggregate by waste Cuddapah stones and as a method to improve normal concrete for special appliions. The tested hardened properties of M 30 grade concrete will consist of compressive strength, and flexural strength. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW replacement of coarse and fine aggregate. Shabath is the
and fine aggregate replaced up to 40% by quarry dust by conducting following tests like compressive strength test and splitting tensile strength test and the strength was observed greater than the target mean strength. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW Prof. Veena, G. Pathan  studied the Feasibility and Need of use of Waste Marble Powder
foundry sand in the manufacture of concrete for varied appliions. LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1Naik et al. (1987) He carried out a research on Utilization of Used Foundry Sand in Concrete. This research was conducted to investigate the performance of fresh and hardened concrete containing discarded foundry sands in place of fine aggregate.
Tests were performed for compressive strength, split tensile strength and flexural strength tests for all replacement levels of foundry sand at different curing period (7days,28 days & 56days). crushed stones (coarse aggregate), sand (fine aggregate) and . Coarse Aggregate: Machine crushed angular granite. chapter 2 literature review Shodhganga
STRENGTH APPRAISAL OF ARTIFICIAL SAND AS FINE . REVIEW OF LITERATURE . This paper presents the investigation results of SFRC with artificial sand as fine aggregate
Natural sand obtained from river bed is conventionally used as fine aggregates in preparation of cement mortar. Present study investigates flow and strength characteristics of cement mortar at various replacement levels of alternative fine aggregate, Msand. Plastering mortars (1:3 and 1:4 ratio) were prepared with natural sand as fine aggregates.
Singh &Bathin their paper studied the use of copper slag as fine aggregate ‐ a case study. Dependence on natural aggregates as the main source of aggregate in concrete can be replaced by artificially manufactured aggregates or artificial aggregates generated from industrial wastes and has provided an alternative for the construction industry.
Jun 02, 2016 ·Ł. Introduction. In many countries sources of natural sand for use as an aggregate in construction are becoming scarce as sand pits are exhausted and environmental legislation prevents dredging [1,2,3].This is driving the need to source alternative aggregates, such as those from construction and demolition waste.
To substitute sand as fine aggregate, waste marble dust can be used. This research aims to exploit the usage of waste marble powder in concrete instead of sand as fine aggregate. 2. Literature Survey Based on the extensive review of literature, following critical observation was made:
2. Literature Review The suitability of quarry dust as a sand replacement material shows that the mechanical properties are improved and also elastic modulus. The compressive strength achieved optimum by replacing fine aggregate with quarry dust in ratio of 60 : 40 as done by Hmaid Mir .
Fine Aggregate (Sand): The Fine aggregate use for casting in clean river sand from Ganga river Varanasi and it was clean and dry. It is of size pass through 1.20 mm sieve. Sand conforming to ZoneIII was used as the fine aggregate, as per I.S 3831970. The properties of the fine aggregates are given in following Table No.2.
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 GENERAL Concrete is a most versatile construction material because it is designed to withstand the harsh environments. Engineers are continually pushing the limits to improve its performance with the help of innovative chemical admixtures and supplementary materials.
The most important binding material is cement and lime. The inert materials used in concrete are termed as aggregates. The aggregates are of two types namely, (1) Fine aggregate and (2) Coarse aggregate. (Ref.l) Fine aggregate. Sand and Surki are commonly used as fine aggregate
possess the potential to partially replace regular sand as a fine aggregate in concretes, providing a recycling opportunity for them. If such types of materials can be substituted partly/fully for natural sand (fine aggregates) in concrete mixtures without sacing or
Jan 02, 2016 · Therefore I am using recycled coarse aggregate and artificial sand in my project work. II. LITERATURE REVIEW Young P.C,et al, (2009), in theirpaperentitled "Utilization of recycled aggregate
Jul 22, 2017 · Coral concrete materials, which refer to cementbased composites mixed with coral and seawater, have aroused interest worldwide since they were first used in reef engineering. This paper reviews the raw materials, mechanical properties, durability and microstructure of coral concrete, and describes the performances of fiber reinforced coral concrete. The microhardness of coral concrete
Literature Review . Shanmugapriya et al. 2012 concluded from experimental researchers that compressive and flexural strength of concrete can be improved by partial replacement of cement by silica fume and manufactured sand for natural fine aggregates. They suggested that optimum replacement of natural sand by manufactured sand is 50%.
literature review of artificial sand as fine aggregates. literature review of artificial sand as aggregate sand supply study for iraq most searched pages list related with Artificial Sand As Fine Aggregates. aggregate/sand supply study for iraq . Reddal Sand''s ''improved quality'' aggregate/sand supply study for iraq,Reddal Sand Norway
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 2.1 GENERAL This chapter presents an overview of literature on the various experiments conducted by many authors on the replacement of fine aggregate by quarry dust, manufactured sand and the results thereof highlighting the significance of using the manufactured sand for replacing the natural sand in concrete.
replacement of coarse aggregate and Foundry sand as fine aggregate. Cupola slag is the byproduct of cast iron manufacturing, produced when molten steel is separated from impurity in cupola furnace. Foundry sand is also byproduct, which is gathered in foundry where it is not reused in foundry.
Mar 01, 2017 · Nowadays it is very important to make the concrete economical. Therefore the present work has initiated to make the concrete economical by replacing the natural sand by crushed sand in the concrete. From our study it is concluded that different Crushed sand gives different results for compressive strength depending on different quarries and from study of different research paper at
LITERATURE REVIEW 6 2.1 Introduction 6 2.2 Fundamentals of Concrete Rheology 7 3.4.1 Fine Aggregate Properties Measurement 66 6.2 Effect of Sand Type 94 6.3 Effect of Sand Content 95 6.4 Effect of Sand Size 97 6.5 Effect of Sand Gradation 99
Performance of Light Weight Concrete using Fly Ash Pellets as Coarse Aggregate Replacement 97 LITERATURE REVIEW Manikandan et al., investigated that the durability properties of concrete made with fly ash aggregate cured by different methods and found that sintered aggregates
contained in this literature review will inspire innovation and new opportunities for all streams sand aggregates: physicomechanical characterization and potential uses Cement . LDPE : concrete containing fine aggregate manufactured from recycled waste polyethylene terephthalate bottles Concrete composite .
Lecture 4. Aggregates . Prepared by: Fahim AlNeshawy, D.Sc. (Tech.) A. S. Santhi (2012). A Review on Artificial Aggregates. International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering. ISSN 09745904, Volume 05, No. 03 (01) Figure 5. Aggregates'' size classifiion, (a) fine aggregates and (b) coarse aggregates. 4.2 Aggregates
concrete using fine palm oil clinker (FPOC) and fine laterite (FL) as artificial fine aggregate. For the purpose of this study, four type''s samples were prepared with constant water/cement ratio as 0.51 and 0%, FPOC, 50% FPOC and 25% FPOC with 25% FL as fine aggregate replacement by weight of total fine aggregate.
REPLACEMENT OF NATURAL SAND IN CONCRETE BY WASTE PRODUCTS : A STATE OF ART replacement of coarse aggregate or fine aggregate. This review carries out a thorough assessment about industrial
aggregate with silica sand, the result obtained is on par with conventional concrete. 2. LITERATURE REVIEW Sudhahar A et al (2012), carried out an investigation of extracted silica sand ( EDS ) wastes as fine aggregate in concretes and mortars. M25 grade of concrete has been used for study and
This paper gives a review on artificial aggregates made out of various waste materials. In the current scenario, the disposal problem of industrial byproducts like fly ash, paper pulp etc., has
products as fine aggregate. Reuse of byproducts as a partial or full replacement of fine aggregate in construction activities not only reduces the demand for extraction of natural raw materials, but also saves landfill space. There are many studies reused granulate blastfurnace slag (GBFS) and copper slag (CS) as a part of fine aggregate.
The coarse aggregates used were of size 20 mm and 12.5mm (Down) and were mostly angular in shape. Locally available fine aggregates conforming to Zone –II of IS 3831970 were used . Sieve analysis result of fine aggregates are in shown in Table 1
Rock Fine (CRF) depend upon the resource of its raw material, i.e., parent rock. Hence the selection of quarry is very important to quality fine aggregate From the critical review of literature it is observed that above researchers and many others have worked on finding suitable alternatives for cement, sand and coarse aggregates so as to